Justice Constitutional Amendment (JCA)


Since Justice is the definition of Good and right, and
Since doing unto others as you would have them do to you is the definition of justice and morality, and
Since non-violation of private property is the direct consequence of this principle,

THEREFORE, non-violation of private property, with the implied right to use equal and opposite force to offset and neutralize such violation, is the definition of Justice.

THEREFORE, all violations of Private Property are evil and unjust, and are expressly forbidden.

Individual and the Group

Furthermore, since the only legitimate authority that public representative government can have is delegated to it by the individuals comprising it, and since no one can delegate an authority he does not have, and

No Public Taxation of Private Property

Since no individual has the right to forcibly confiscate his neighbor’s property, he cannot delegate such authority to the government.

THEREFORE, all public taxation of private property is evil and unjust, and therefore forbidden and abolished.

Limits to Public Regulation of Private Property

Furthermore, since no individual has the right to control his neighbor’s property without his neighbor’s permission, therefore he cannot delegate such authority to the government,

THEREFORE, all public regulation of private property, — except one, that the property of no one be violated, — is evil and unjust, and is therefore forbidden and abolished.

Courts and Justice Enforcement

Furthermore, since no individual has the right to deny his neighbor the right of just self-defense nor has the right to claim the monopoly on justice enforcement, he cannot delegate such authority to the government,

THEREFORE, public government forced monopoly on justice enforcement is evil and unjust, and is therefore forbidden and abolished.

All have the right to enforce justice personally, or to contract with any third party for such enforcement, as long as such enforcement is just.

Proper Role of Government

Furthermore, since government is control, and no one has the right to control that which they do not own, and since the only thing that public representative government justly owns is public property,

THEREFORE, public representative government has the right to govern public property only, and nothing else.

Public Property

Public property is defined as property to which all citizens of a certain location have equal claim of ownership.

THEREFORE, to be just, public property

  1. must be governed by the voice of the majority of the citizens, provided that
  2. all citizens are treated equally with respect to the property, (since they all have equal claim of ownership upon it), and that
  3. the property of no individual be violated in the process.

Just Financing of Public Government

Since no one has the right to tax what they do not own, such taxation being the definition and the essence of plunder, and
Since the only thing that public representative government can justly own is public property,

THEREFORE, the only just way to finance public representative government is via public property user fees and voluntary contributions.

To be just, such fees must be

  1. explicitly agreed upon by the majority of the citizens,
  2. must be administered equally among the citizens, and
  3. the collection of such fees must not violate the property of any individual.

Private Property

Private Property is defined as exclusive ownership of property by an individual, and is derived from, and includes, the self-ownership of the individual. Ownership is defined as just control.

THEREFORE, no one has the right to control an individual’s property against his or her will.

Since private property includes, and is derived from, self-ownership of the individual, it is the very foundation of Liberty, virtue and Justice, and is the source of all rights, because all of these things are meaningless without self-ownership of the individual, and therefore meaningless without private property.

The just owner of a property is either the first user of it, or the recipient of it from the previous owner via voluntary gift, bequest or sale.


Liberty is defined as the right of the individual to do with his property as he pleases, as long as he does not violate the property of another. Violating Liberty is unjust and evil.

THEREFORE, violating Liberty is expressly forbidden.

That which does not violate justice has a right to exist, and it is unjust to forbid it.


Violation is defined as control of property against its owner’s will.

[If it is easier, the following amendment can be passed separately.]

Intellectual Property

Since exclusive ownership has meaning only with regards to tangible property, and results in irreconcilable self-contradictions when applied to intangible things, such as information and ideas,

THEREFORE, Intellectual Property is defined as a tangible copy of information, and is meaningless as property outside of such tangible embodiment,

THEREFORE, no rational, and non-self-contradictory property claim can be made on information or ideas in general outside of such tangible embodiments, for such claims always and inevitably create self-contradictory tangible property claims, which if enforced, produce violations of tangible private property, and therefore are evil and unjust.

THEREFORE, all patent and copyright laws are unjust and therefore are forbidden and abolished.